To make proper choices regarding one health that person must be aware of what to eat, how much to exercise and when to see a doctor. They need to possess the ability to read labels prescriptions, recognize symptoms and understand the impact of their health choices. One of the main hurdles to both prevention and care of NCDs in low and middle income countries is lack of health literacy.
NCD patients are often faced with complex information and treatment decisions. In order to overcome this issue and improve the understanding of the NCD patients a lot of work needs to be done including sharing information on:
1. Risk factors and symptoms of NCDs
2. Preventive health behavior
3. When to see the doctor or seek care
4. Misinformation and stigma around NCDs
Along with the public sector, the private sector has a role to play in supporting effective community programs that provide information on disease prevention and treatment, improving the relationship between patients and health care systems.
Socio- Cultural Factors
A wall of stigma and fear around NCDs has been raised in many communities; this makes the people more reluctant to seek diagnosis, treatment or care.
Health awareness programs can break down the wall of stigma that prevent patients from talking to health professionals or delay them from receiving timely care when it could have saved their life or improved their situation.
Data to Inform Policies
One of the persistent barriers in delivering quality and comprehensive NCD care in low and middle income countries is lack of data. The complexity may vary, but often the data required to form a better understanding of the burden of disease in a city or country is simple.
In order for people to receive an accurate and timely diagnosis for NCDs, screening is crucial. Unfortunately in many low and middle income countries NCD screening is seldom prioritized.
Early Diagnosis and Efficient Care
Identified with the requirement for expanded screening, improving early finding can extraordinarily build the odds for fruitful treatment. Postponed conclusion or deferrals in treatment brings down the probability of endurance and builds the expense of care.
Affordability is an obstruction to treatment and care. The cost of medications matters. As steps are being made as far as affordability and openness, the size of NCDs and the drawn out consideration expected to oversee them requires more practical and imaginative subsidizing answers for keeping patients from monetary mischief.
Health insurance coverage
NCDs compromise financial turn of events. In a "do nothing situation" it's evaluated the aggregate financial misfortunes from NCDs in low and middle income nations could outperform US $7 trillion by 2025.